Monthly Archives: August 2016

How to Use Scale Trading in Futures and Commodities

Scale trading is a popular style of trading system which based on the idea that there is a limitation of how low the price can go. The scale trading technique tries to make profit from a market that is at historically low price levels.

There will always be demand for commodities, such as oil or gold, at some price. That is the difference between commodities and financial products, such as index futures or stock futures, which are paper assets with no real value and can be subject to devaluation. Therefore this technique is suitable for commodities trading.

Normally, traders who use the scale trading as their trading system do the following steps.

  • Find a commodity that is trading near its historically low price level.
  • Set up the scale trading plan. For example, when trading oil, a trader may start buying at $40 and buy more contracts every $2 down. Hence, the others buying prices are $38, $36, $34 and so on.
  • Whenever the futures contract reverses and eventually rallies, the trader begins to take profits on the contracts. For example, if the oil goes down to $33, trader will hold 4 contracts at the prices $40, $38, $36, $34. When the price rise to $45, the contracts acquired at $34, $36, $38, $40 would be sold out at $36, $38, $40, $42 respectively.
  • Repeat the steps over and over.
  • Some expert traders might also try to use this trading technique in forex or any other markets than commodities. However the scale trading technique need large amount of trading capital and the well consideration of market timing. If not, traders could be blown out.

    Trading in Stocks

    A Safe Bet

    Trading in stocks and shares is the best option for those who do not have sufficient funds and experience for doing any other business. You can start small, dream big and finally reach the stars. The initial investment can be ludicrously small. In fact ‘investment’ is too big a word for the amount of money you require to start trading in stocks at the initial, learning and experimental stage.

    Minimal Investment

    You can start with the cost of a pack of cigarettes or the price of a cup of coffee. All you need is a personal computer and an Internet connection. Surf through the net and you will find that there are hordes of online stock brokers. Read through their sites and decide on the one that suits you best. You can open your account online at free of cost. Besides, you will find the necessary instructions at the website to set the ball rolling. Tread the ground cautiously, have patience and try to learn as much as you can the new lingo of stock trading from the education tab of your stockbroker’s website.

    Education in Stock Trading

    The education section of your stockbroker’s website provides comprehensive details about various aspects of stock trading. Starting with the definition of a stock, the reasons to buy stocks, investment risks, types of investments and ticker symbols, the instruction material further explains how the stocks trade, the stock market, the primary and secondary markets, the major stock exchanges like the NYSE, NASDAQ, AMEX and OCTBB for Penny stocks. Once you are familiar with the basic functioning of the financial market, you will begin to understand the factors that drive the share prices such as supply and demand of the stocks and shares that you trade in. You need to understand the concepts such as ‘earnings per share’ and P/E ratio. The knowledge of these basic concepts will help you to evaluate the price of the stock of a company and its income potential.

    Cautious Beginning

    If you are a novice to the art of trading in stocks, your first step should follow the guidance of your stock broker. Become acquainted with the terminology associated with stocks such as bulls and bears and what they signify. You should also be familiar with the research tools and research reports that highlight the financial performance of the company you are interested in investing in.

    If the price of your stock goes up, and your broker asks you to sell it and book profit, it is in your interest to do so. Do not be greedy and wait for your stock to touch the skies. The wait may become interminable and you may be stuck up just in one stock and will not be able to move further. Who knows the value of your stock may plummet in future and you are left wringing your hands in despair. It is always advisable to be dynamic, keep moving, changing, experimenting and learning. Since the initial investments are small, the risks can be affordable. Once the fundamentals are clear, you may shoot for the big.

    Commodity Markets Trading With Technical Analysis

    Commodity trading is best done with the help of technical analysis. Technical analysis shows a trader the direction; he should take while dealing with commodities. Whether one should buy or sell is best determined with the help of Technical Analysis. A good trading system will always incorporate methods used in TA within itself.

    Technical Analysis Defined

    The process of determining the condition of a commodity (based on the historic price) with the help of charting is called Technical Analysis. It combines probability mathematics and statistical information to determine the future price movement of a commodity with probability on your side. For example, if someone were to walk up to a door, and you were told to guess which direction they would go – left or right, whatever you chose, it would be speculation. On the other hand, if they went left, and you followed them, that would be called trend following. Similarly, if a commodity future moves in a direction and you use TA to guide you, you can buy it after it shows a move into a certain direction, and a trend has been confirmed.

    Uses Of Technical Analysis

    There are many ways TA helps traders in trading commodities. The primary principle in TA is to have the ability to follow trends. To be able to do this, one has to be able to catch it early enough. So, you can buy into a commodity if you can confirm that it is in an uptrend. The key point to remember is that TA assumes that price discounts everything.

    All movements of market participants are reflected in the price of any commodity at any given point in time. The idea is to buy low and sell high, or vice versa. This sounds simple in theory, but is difficult enough in real life. Imagine knowing that the probability of a commodity will breakout on the upside, but also that it is only a probability, and not a surety.

    How Do We Use Technical Analysis?

    TA has many different theories. These include common theories and indicators such as moving averages, Fibonacci series, oscillators, Gann theory, Elliot wave theory, and the age-old Candlestick theory from Japan. Many users tend to combine one or more of these theories to get greater accuracy in determining the trend more correctly in their favor. One has to remember that probability needs to be on our side.

    The risk to reward ratio should always be in our favor. A lot of people use TA to help them establish a trend, get the point of a breakout and look for a point to buy or sell a commodity. They also use it to determine their stop-loss, and possible target price. This is an advantage that TA has over any other form of analysis. Being mathematical in nature, it gives you exact figures as to what levels you need to enter and exit a commodity.

    Transportation Management System: Choosing a Logistics Resource

    For the average shipper, the cost of freight transportation is second only to the cost of payroll. Consequently, when a shipper needs to increase its bottom line, reducing the cost of freight transportation is one of the first considerations. There are two keys to achieving a cost-effective shipping process: the correct selection and correct management of shipping arrangements, both of which require a logistics resource. There are three types of logistics resources for managing a shipping system:

    • In-house logistics department -A shipper that operates its own fleet typically uses this resource. Due to the capital required to maintain the department, implementing a logistics department is often unfeasible for small and midsize shippers.
    • Third Party Logistics (3PL)– Also known as freight brokers, 3PL providers negotiate shipping arrangements between shippers and carriers. 3PL can be less expensive than maintaining a logistics department, but it still involves paying logistics professionals.
    • Freight transportation software– Freight transportation software can supply the logistical solutions that are traditionally supplied by a logistics department or 3PL provider. From a cost perspective, freight transportation software is the most economical logistics resource.

    With the emergence of Software as a Service (SaaS) solutions for the shipping industry, the popularity of logistics software has increased. The software can also be implemented on an in-house model, but implementing it on a SaaS model eliminates the costs of installing and maintaining in-house software.

    The Goals of Transportation Management

    Positioned between the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system and the shipping process of a company, a Transportation Management System (TMS) has three goals:

    • Plan the shipping process, including carrier and transportation mode selection, rate selection, and load and route optimization.
    • Monitor the shipping process, including cost control, quality control, and tracking of vehicles along the shipping route.
    • Measure key performance indicators, including monetary productivity, cost per metric, and percentage of on time deliveries.

    These goals can be accomplished by an in-house logistics department, a 3PL provider, or with freight transportation software. As it considers these options, the shipper must consider how much it needs to economize on the logistics resource, and whether it wishes to manage the shipping process, or have it managed by another party.

    As mentioned above, freight transportation software is the most economical logistics resource. It is also a resource that puts the shipper in control of the shipping process, something that 3PL does not do. For businesses that wish to outsource the shipping process, 3PL is the ideal choice. For businesses that wish to manage the shipping process without creating a logistics department, freight transportation software is the best choice.

    Conclusion

    A transportation management system is an integral subset of supply chain management, one that influences the cost and quality of the shipping process. Logistics software provides shippers with a way to manage freight transportation economically, without sacrificing management quality. To learn more about the benefits of freight transportation software, contact a provider of SaaS logistical solutions today.

    Investment Management Training

    In the early period of development of finance as a profession, i.e., until the early 1950s, investment management was primarily concerned with the procurement of funds. The subject matter was mainly confined to financial problems arising during episodic events like incorporation, merger, consolidation and reorganization. Thus, the traditional role of the investment manager was to raise externally the funds required by joint stock companies. The internal administration of finance was either ignored or dealt with by the promoter entrepreneur himself.

    With the passage of time, the role of investment manager has undergone drastic changes. Presently, the investment manager is in charge of determining the total amount of capital required for both the short-term (working capital) and long-term (fixed capital). This is done by proper forecasting and planning of finance. Secondly, their job profile includes investing the funds in assets and projects, with the aim of making profits. This is to be done in such a way that the earnings are more than the cost so that there is a positive net return to the concern.

    Now the investment manager is concerned with the management of assets, raising and allocation of capital, and valuation of the firm. Besides, he has to ensure the supply of funds to all parts of the organization, evaluate the financial performance, negotiate with bankers, financial institutions and other suppliers of credit, and keep track of stock exchange quotations and the behavior of stock price.

    To play his role well the investment manager has different tools, such as cost of capital, leverage, capital budgeting, working capital management techniques and fund flow analysis/cash flow analysis. Cost of capital helps in deciding the appropriate source of finance. Normally the sources with minimum costs are selected, so that the weighted average cost of capital can be kept to a minimum. Capital budgeting helps in deciding the proper investment mix; the available resources should be used in the most profitable way. For this purpose, suitable projects should be selected from alternative courses by using capital budgeting techniques.